The main goal of treatment of both types of diabetes is to achieve blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol levels as near normal as possible. This, combined with a healthy lifestyle will help improve the welfare and protection of long-term damage to the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart and major arteries.
Control and outcomes of both types 1 and 2 diabetes may be improved by patients using home glucose meters to regularly measure their glucose levels. Glucose monitoring is both expensive (largely due to the cost of the consumable test strips) and requires significant commitment on the part of the patient. The effort and expense may be worthwhile for patients when they use the values to sensibly adjust food, exercise, and oral medications or insulin. These adjustments are generally made by the patients themselves following training by a clinician.
Diabetes affects approximately ten percent of the American population and is a leading factor in the development of cardio-vascular diseases which result in significant morbidity and mortatility, for example it is the leading cuse of blindness worldwide and the diabetic patient has three to four times the risk (compared to the aveage population) for developing life threatening complications such as heart attacks and strokes.
Many diabetics suffer from eye diseases brought on by their chronic condition. Blood vessels located in the back of the eye can become inflamed. The weak vessels can also leak blood into the eye, causing poor vision. Often this condition is periodically tested in diabetes patients as, at first, their are no symptoms.
Many persons affected by diabetes also complain of blurred vision, easy fatigability,(this is due to the fact that the body tissues is not able to utilise the glucose present in the body), tingling and numbness in the limbs, fingers and toes due to the effect on the nerve endings (peripheral) neuropathy, slow healing of cuts and scratches which are due to poor circulation, and itching of skin or the eruption of fungal infections on the skin and in women the typical itching of the external genitals.
Diabetes mellitus is a condition in which the amount of glucose in blood is very high because the body can not use it correctly. Glucose comes from the digestion of starchy foods like bread, rice, potatoes, chapattis, yams and plantain, from sugar and other sweet foods, and the liver which makes glucose. Diabetes is a disorder that affects the way your body deals with the food they eat. Ordinarily, carbohydrates are broken down into glucose sugar, which travels in the blood until it reaches your cells, which are taken and used for growth and energy. For this to happen, however, the hormone insulin must be present. Produced by the pancreas, insulin acts as a key that unlocks cells so they can take your blood sugar.
Cold soft drinks are discussed above, so I’ll just talk about coffee here. Although some research suggests that caffeine in coffee might actually help prevent diabetes, other research has demonstrated that caffeine has a negative impact on a diabetic’s health. Check with your doctor about limiting your coffee and tea intake if you have diabetes. If you do drink coffee, you might consider monitoring your blood glucose over time to see what effects it has. Anecdotally, when I added dark chocolate (which contains a caffeine-like substance) in small quantities to my low-carb diet, I noticed a reduction in my fasting blood glucose that surprised me. While I’m no health expert, I’m guessing that testing your blood sugar may very well be the gold standard for figuring out if a food really is bad for you.